In 1857, a wooden-hulled steamship known as the SS Central America set out from New York destined for Panama. On board were 578 passengers and crew, 38,000 pieces of mail, and 21 tons of gold – worth a few hundred million dollars today. Unable to withstand a brutal hurricane, the SS Central America sank 160 miles off the coast of South Carolina losing 425 souls and all the gold. The shipwreck sits 8,000 feet deep.
Above, a view of the gold as it sits on the ocean floor.
In 1985, a Marine Engineer named Tommy Thompson set out to locate and salvage the treasure left behind by the SS Central America. With a team of scientists and ocean explorers Thompson founded the Columbus America Discovery Group. The group began searching for a vessel capable of holding their deep sea robot dubbed ‘Nemo.’ In 1988 the group purchased a 30 year old Fishing Research and Icebreaker originally known as the A.T. Cameron.
The A.T. Cameron was fitted with all the deep ocean sonar equipment one could use as well as one of the first ships to carry a GPS positioning system. The 180-foot vessel was then renamed the R/V Arctic Discoverer.
Against all odds, Thompson set out in the summer of 1988 ready to find the lost treasure of the SS Central America. Thompson was able to retrieve 3 tons of gold bars and coins worth around $50 million. The news of the gold discovery caused a legal firestorm. Descendants of the insurance companies that paid out 130 years earlier filed a claim in court demanding their cut.
Above, the control room in 1988 with crew, and again in 2015 after it was abandoned.
A total of 39 insurance companies filed suit against the Columbus America Discovery Group. For the next two summers the R/V Arctic Discoverer continued working at the shipwreck examining new species of octopus and sharks as well as excavating the gold. After almost 10 years of legal battles with millions in legal fees, the Columbus America Discovery Group was awarded 92% of the treasure and the rest to be paid to investors. Four year later, in 2000 Thompson found a buyer and sold 532 gold bars and thousands of coins to a gold marketing group for $50 million.
A judge in 2012 demanded Thompson to appear in court regarding the legal cases against him. His lawyer appeared on his behalf and stated his client was at sea with no expected return date. The judge was furious and ordered U.S. Marshals to find Tommy Thompson.
The R/V Arctic Discoverer was seized by U.S. Marshals in 2013 and sold at auction for $50,000. The buyer planned to strip the boat and sell it for scrap metal. A majority of the equipment and logs were auctioned off on eBay.
After 2 years on the run, Tommy Thompson was apprehended in Boca Raton, Florida. He and his girlfriend had been living on cash and staying in a $200 a night hotel for the past 2 years. He was caught only 70 miles from his last known residence. Thompson appeared before a Judge who demanded to know where the remaining gold coins are. Thompson stated he can’t remember who he gave the gold to and where they went due to short-term memory loss from a chronic condition he suffers from. He was sentenced to 2 years in prison and a $250,000 fine for failing to appear 2 years prior. U.S. Marshals believe Thompson buried the gold after finding empty tubes at his abandoned mansion. The judge has fined him $1000 a day until he cooperates with the plea deal and answers questions on the whereabouts of the gold.