The town of Elkmont, situated along the Little River in the Great Smoky Mountains, was once a booming lumber town and a frontier community. The property is now owned and protected by the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Established in 2908, Elkmont was a base for The Little River Lumber Company’s logging operations. The Little River Rail Road was built to transport logs for the lumber company, but would also bring tourists to the area where the wealthy began building summer cottages.

The “Daisy Town” section of Elkmont is comprised of closely spaced cottages along a road leading to the Appalachian Club. The clubhouse was renovated by the National Park Service in 2009.

The timber was harvested from the mountains and transported by railroad down the Little River to the mill at Townsend. Around 1910, the lumber company started selling the stripped land to individuals, mainly hunting and fishing enthusiasts, to create a private social club. The exclusive club was known as the “Appalachian Club.”

The Levi Trentham cabin was originally located in the upper reaches of Jakes Creek and moved to the Appalachian Club’s Daisy Town section in 1932 for use as a guest house.
Dating back to the 1830s, the Levi Trentham cabin is the oldest surviving structure in Elkmont.

In 1912, The Wonderland Park Hotel, a 50-room resort lodge, was built nearby. Membership to the Appalachian Club was so exclusive that in 1919 a group of 10 Knoxville businessmen purchased the Wonderland Hotel and created their private club known as the “Wonderland Club.” At least ten cottages were constructed near the hotel. Over the next 20 years, the Appalachian Club and Wonderland Club evolved into a favorite vacation spot for wealthy Tennessee families to socialize and escape the summer heat.

Elkmont thrived as a resort community for the wealthiest families in Tennessee and North Carolina.


A view up Jake’s Creek to Society Hill.

In 1920, William P. Davis, a cottage owner at Elkmont, visited Yellowstone and wanted to have a national park in the Smoky Mountains. He teamed up with another Elkmont landowner, David. C. Chapman, to help advance his cause. Other Elkmont residents jumped on board and lobbied federal and state governments. The U.S. government agreed to establish the national park if Tennessee and North Carolina purchased the land.

Before the invention of air conditioning, these high elevation cabins were a favorite retreat for wealthy families.


In 1925, Chapman hosted a group of state legislators at Elkmont to help convince them of his plan. The following year the owner of the Little River Lumber Company made the initial sale to Tennessee of 76,000 acres to start the national park. While most everyone else within the park boundaries was forced to sell their homes and relocate, the Elkmont cottage owners were able to sell their cottages at half price in exchange for lifetime leases. These were converted to 20-year leases in 1952 and renewed again in 1972. The National Park Service refused to renew the contracts in 1992.

Most of the cottages were built between 1910 and 1930 and renovated numerous times over the decades with most porches being added in the 1970s.

A 1982 park management plan called for the Wonderland Hotel and cottages to be demolished once the properties reverted to the National Park Service and allowed to return to nature. In 1994, to save Elkmont, the Wonderland Hotel and several cottages were placed on the National Register of Historic Places as the Elkmont Historic District. The addition to the NRHP sparked a 15-year debate over the fate of the ghost town.


In 2005, the Wonderland Hotel collapsed, and several homes around it were in such serious disrepair the National Park Service slated them for removal. In 2009, the NPS announced plans to restore the Appalachian Club and 18 other cottages that were historically significant.

The large homes are located along Jake’s Creek in an area known as “Society Hill”. These homes were quite luxurious in their day, although today most are sliding down the hill.
A children’s playhouse built in 1921 known as Adamless Eden.
This gorgeous Swiss chalet is known as “Spindle Top”, and was built by Colonel W. B. Townsend, the founder of the Little River Lumber Company. In the early 1900s, Townsend and his wife built their primary residence across the road and rented out cottages to vacationers. These large cottages were known as Millionaire’s Row.
Inside of Spindle Top looking out the french doors to the balcony.

With names like Millionaire’s Row and Society Hill, you get a sense of how luxurious these homes were, compared to the rustic cabins in the Smoky Mountains. Visitors are allowed to walk around Elkmont, but the public is not permitted to enter the cabins. Most are wide open, and you can see inside from the doorways and windows. The National Park Service recognizes Elkmont as a vital part of the region’s history.

Today there are 74 structures remaining in Elkmont in various states of decay.
An unmarked gravel road leads you to the Elkmont Cemetery. Grave markers range from unmarked sandstone rocks to marble markers dating from the late 1800s to the 1920s.

13 Replies to “Elkmont”

  1. Neat stuff, thanks.

    I read one time that land for Great Smoky Mountains Park was bought, to public/political displeasure based on overpaying “ market value”, for something like $5 per acre. Sometimes economic “market value” may not always represent societal value.

    Liked by 1 person

  2. Was just in Elmont last week and saw some renovations going on. Glad to see that. It is a beautiful spot, very interesting. Thanks for the article!


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